FARGO — The Fargo Police Department has issued an advisory clarifying that cannabidiol oil products — commonly called CBD — are legal in North Dakota, provided they are derived from legally produced hemp.

After the 2018 farm bill legalized hemp under certain restrictions, the North Dakota Legislature passed a law to allow CBD products, provided they are properly sourced.

"The short answer to whether CBD products are legal to possess in North Dakota is YES, as long as the CBD is extracted from legally produced hemp," according to the advisory released Wednesday, June 19, by police after consultation with the Cass County State's Attorney's Office.

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The farm bill allows hemp with a concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly called THC, of not more than 0.3% on a dry weight basis. THC is the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, responsible for producing a user's high.

North Dakota House Bill 1113, which passed and was signed into law in April with an emergency clause, provides that CBD extracted from legally produced hemp and containing less than 0.3% THC is legal to possess.

CBD has recently exploded in popularity around the country, with tinctures, ointments, vaping oils and other products showing up in shops. It's touted as a treatment for various conditions from depression to chronic pain to anxiety. Despite its popularity, there's little research to back up the claims of its effectiveness.

"Taking this into consideration, citizens are advised to still do their due diligence in selecting the types of products they use, should they decide to utilize CBD products, as there is always the possibility of differences in quality depending on the manufacturer, as there is with all consumer goods," the advisory said.

Both Minnesota and North Dakota allow medical marijuana to treat certain conditions, provided patients are certified by a qualified health provider as having the conditions.